As per 2016 statistics, there are around 420 medical colleges in India, which have been recognised by the Indian Medical Council. And still our country has a shortage of close to 500,000 doctors, according to the World Health Organisation (WHO).
With the recent cases in Odisha where a man had to carry his wife’s body over his shoulders and walk a 10 km stretch, after being denied access to an ambulance. A similar case in Kanpur, where a child died on his dad’s shoulders, after he was denied entry into a hospital when the kid was sick. These are just two cases that happened to get noticed. There are thousands of such cases that often go unnoticed and unrecognised. Everyday a person or the other dies due to lack of health facilities or being denied the necessary health facilities, babies are often born still or die within few minutes of the delivery, due to pathetic conditions at the maternity ward and lack of proper facilitates and doctors.
Reports suggest that, the issues or concerns that were noticed during the course of inspection were that there were a lot of cases of illegitimate payment of capitation fees and donations in many renowned privately owned medical universities; there was also a divide between health care facilities made available to urban and rural areas, wherein the rural areas don’t get half of the health facilities that they are bound to get; and finally there seems to be a huge gap and divide between the education system and the public well-being.
According to a report in Times of India, “it now costs a medical student from such a college Rs 2 crore to get a MBBS degree.” Parents bargain for their child’s seat and pay such huge amounts to secure these very seats, even as the child is still in school.
“Six states, which represent 31 per cent of India’s population, have 58 per cent MBBS seats; on the other hand, eight states, which comprise 46 per cent of India’s population, have only 21 per cent MBBS seats,” said an expert as he spoke to the Economic Times.
These very disparities that can be seen will affect healthcare services of the public directly, hence causing a lot of trouble for people to access timely medication, which in turn at most times leads to even loss of life. Even today, a lot of states like Jharkhand, Bihar, etc have a lot of undernourished kids, and many of them dying every day due to lack to proper healthcare, food, etc. These states in fact have terrible infrastructure and facilities, especially keeping in mind the maternity wards. And hence often mothers and the kids lose their lives in between the process of the delivery.
It has also been noted that among the BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa) nations, India is unfortunately the one country that is giving the least importance and paying the least amount for its healthcare sector.