Medical colleges are plenty in number, yet shortage of doctors?

As per 2016 statistics, there are around 420 medical colleges in India, which have been recognised by the Indian Medical Council. And still our country has a shortage of close to 500,000 doctors, according to the World Health Organisation (WHO).

With the recent cases in Odisha where a man had to carry his wife’s body over his shoulders and walk a 10 km stretch, after being denied access to an ambulance. A similar case in Kanpur, where a child died on his dad’s shoulders, after he was denied entry into a hospital when the kid was sick. These are just two cases that happened to get noticed. There are thousands of such cases that often go unnoticed and unrecognised. Everyday a person or the other dies due to lack of health facilities or being denied the necessary health facilities, babies are often born still or die within few minutes of the delivery, due to pathetic conditions at the maternity ward and lack of proper facilitates and doctors.

Reports suggest that, the issues or concerns that were noticed during the course of inspection were that there were a lot of cases of illegitimate payment of capitation fees and donations in many renowned privately owned medical universities; there was also a divide between health care facilities made available to urban and rural areas, wherein the rural areas don’t get half of the health facilities that they are bound to get; and finally there seems to be a huge gap and divide between the education system and the public well-being.

According to a report in Times of India, “it now costs a medical student from such a college Rs 2 crore to get a MBBS degree.” Parents bargain for their child’s seat and pay such huge amounts to secure these very seats, even as the child is still in school.
“Six states, which represent 31 per cent of India’s population, have 58 per cent MBBS seats; on the other hand, eight states, which comprise 46 per cent of India’s population, have only 21 per cent MBBS seats,” said an expert as he spoke to the Economic Times.

These very disparities that can be seen will affect healthcare services of the public directly, hence causing a lot of trouble for people to access timely medication, which in turn at most times leads to even loss of life. Even today, a lot of states like Jharkhand, Bihar, etc have a lot of undernourished kids, and many of them dying every day due to lack to proper healthcare, food, etc. These states in fact have terrible infrastructure and facilities, especially keeping in mind the maternity wards. And hence often mothers and the kids lose their lives in between the process of the delivery.
It has also been noted that among the BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa) nations, India is unfortunately the one country that is giving the least importance and paying the least amount for its healthcare sector.

Jigisha Ghosh murder: Seven years down, will justice be really served?

Seven long years have passed by since 28-year-old IT- executive, Jigisha Ghosh was brutally murdered by three men. Jigisha was abducted by these men as she returned from work at around four in the morning. The next day, her body was found in an area in Faridabad. Within three days of this happening, the Delhi police arrested three men, Amit Shukla, Baljeet Malik and Ravi Kapoor in connection with the crime. In June the police file a charge sheet against the three accused and they are charged with abduction, murder, destruction of evidence and even robbery. The trail for the case began in April 2010, almost a year after the incident. The men are finally convicted by the court in July 2016. The men were awarded the punishment on the basis of the case being had declared as “rarest of the rare” cases.

And now with new developments, the case seems to be in news again. Amit Shukla . one of the three convicts who along with fellow convict Ravi Kapoor was awarded a death penalty has now moved to the Delhi High Court, claiming that he was awarded a wrong punishment and has challenged the trial court’s decision. According to him, he was wrongly given the capital punishment by considering the incident under the “rarest of the rare” categories.

While convicting the accused, the court had said that it was a “cold-blooded, inhuman and cruel manner” and that Jigisha was “brutally mauled to death”. The third accused Mallik was pardoned and instead given a life imprisonment, because of his good demeanour in prison. He too has already challenged the punishment awarded to him before the high court.

The trial court too has sent the file to the Delhi High Court for clarity and confirmation of the same.

During the course of investigation of the case, the police also solved the mystery murder of journalist Soumya Viswanathan, who was shot dead, a year back while returning home from work, by these very men. And so they are also facing the trial of the same, along with the involvement in the murder of Jigisha.

Jigisha’s post-mortem reports revealed that she was smothered to death. The recovery of the weapon used in the same is said to have lead to identifying Soumya’s killers too. According to the police, robbery has been identified as the intention behind both the killings.  Jigisha’s cards had apparently been used by the convicts, as they withdrew money from it and also shopped from places in Sarojini Nagar as well as Saket.

Such incidents are rising at a high rate in our country and are instilling a lot of fear within people. Delhi has already been declared as the rape capital of the country, and its isn’t a proud thing to be said out loud.  In both the above mentioned cases too, both Soumya and Jigisha were two educated, working women who were returning home late from work, when they were brutally murdered. Apart from this, there are hundreds of such cases that often go unreported too. This then again raises questions of women’s safety in the country. It6 raises questions about if women will ever be able to live peacefully and without the fear of being raped, murdered, and robbed and what not.

Govindachamy pardoned from death sentence. Will Soumya get justice?

The brutal rape and murder of Kerala girl Soumya shook the whole state. Kerala has never really been questioned much on the safety of women in the state. But, this one incident changed all those perceptions and took the whole state by shock and surprise. In February 2011, Soumya, a resident of Thrissur was pushed out of a running train that she had boarded into and was cruelly raped on the railway tracks by accused Govindachamy. The accused was arrested the very next day, by the Kerala police. Four days after this, Soumya who was battling for her life from all the injuries, died at the Thrissur government hospital. In November, the accused is convicted by a fast-track court and was awarded with a death sentence. In 2013, the Kerala High court sustains the fast track courts judgement and discharges Govindachamy’s plea. The Supreme Court however, in 2014 stays the death sentence that was awarded to the convict. On September 8, 2016 the SC says that the Kerala government failed at producing enough evidence to prove that Govindachamy is the actual murdered.  And on 15th they rule out that Govindachamy was guilty of murder and dismissed his death sentence. The accused has been charged with sections 376 (punishment for rape), 394 (Voluntarily causing hurt in committing robbery) and 325 (Punishment for voluntarily causing grievous hurt) of the Indian Penal Code. Dismissing off the death sentence awarded earlier, Govindachamy will now only serve seven years of imprisonment with what they call “rigorous punishment”.

The bench in an interview to the Hindustan Times said, “The intention of the accused in keeping the deceased in a supine position…was for the purposes of the sexual assault. The requisite knowledge that in the circumstances such an act may cause death, also, cannot be attributed to the accused.”

Soumya was on her way back from work in the evening and was travelling in the ladies compartment, which unfortunately was empty. Govindachamy who got into it tried to sexually assault her. On protesting, she was thrown out of the slow-moving train. He later then jumped out and dragged her to a nearby railway track, before brutally raping her, in broad day light and leaving her there to die. Prior to this, Govindachamy has been convicted for eight other cases, and this clearly shows that he has been a habitual offender.

The Supreme Court’s verdict created a lot of anger and disappointment amongst all the people. High-profile criminal lawyer BA Aloor who is fighting the case for Govindachamy also raised many eyebrows, and raised questions among many politicians, journalists, social workers and so on. Many people questioned as to how a petty thief and ‘beggar’ like Govindachamy could possibly afford a high-profile lawyer like Aloor in the first place. Aloor in response to this spoke to The News Minute where he said “How is that anyone’s concern? I charge Rs 5 lakh per criminal case and my duty is only to represent my client. Since I have represented him in three courts, the charges have exceeded Rs 15 lakhs, but that is not of anyone’s concern.”

The judgement has definitely caused a lot of anger to many, and also gives a feeling that be it a rapist, a murdered or whoever commits a heinous crime, now everybody is getting away with but easily with money and power. The girl is clearly not at the mercy of her rapist or killer. And this is a serious issue which should be dealt with that very seriousness. The country shouldn’t wait for more number such incidents occurring.

Govindachamy pardoned from death sentence. Will Soumya get justice?

The brutal rape and murder of Kerala girl Soumya shook the whole state. Kerala has never really been questioned much on the safety of women in the state. But, this one incident changed all those perceptions and took the whole state by shock and surprise. In February 2011, Soumya, a resident of Thrissur was pushed out of a running train that she had boarded into and was cruelly raped on the railway tracks by accused Govindachamy. The accused was arrested the very next day, by the Kerala police. Four days after this, Soumya who was battling for her life from all the injuries, died at the Thrissur government hospital. In November, the accused is convicted by a fast-track court and was awarded with a death sentence. In 2013, the Kerala High court sustains the fast track courts judgement and discharges Govindachamy’s plea. The Supreme Court however, in 2014 stays the death sentence that was awarded to the convict. On September 8, 2016 the SC says that the Kerala government failed at producing enough evidence to prove that Govindachamy is the actual murdered.  And on 15th they rule out that Govindachamy was guilty of murder and dismissed his death sentence. The accused has been charged with sections 376 (punishment for rape), 394 (Voluntarily causing hurt in committing robbery) and 325 (Punishment for voluntarily causing grievous hurt) of the Indian Penal Code. Dismissing off the death sentence awarded earlier, Govindachamy will now only serve seven years of imprisonment with what they call “rigorous punishment”.

The bench in an interview to the Hindustan Times said, “The intention of the accused in keeping the deceased in a supine position…was for the purposes of the sexual assault. The requisite knowledge that in the circumstances such an act may cause death, also, cannot be attributed to the accused.”

Soumya was on her way back from work in the evening and was travelling in the ladies compartment, which unfortunately was empty. Govindachamy who got into it tried to sexually assault her. On protesting, she was thrown out of the slow-moving train. He later then jumped out and dragged her to a nearby railway track, before brutally raping her, in broad day light and leaving her there to die. Prior to this, Govindachamy has been convicted for eight other cases, and this clearly shows that he has been a habitual offender.

The Supreme Court’s verdict created a lot of anger and disappointment amongst all the people. High-profile criminal lawyer BA Aloor who is fighting the case for Govindachamy also raised many eyebrows, and raised questions among many politicians, journalists, social workers and so on. Many people questioned as to how a petty thief and ‘beggar’ like Govindachamy could possibly afford a high-profile lawyer like Aloor in the first place. Aloor in response to this spoke to The News Minute where he said “How is that anyone’s concern? I charge Rs 5 lakh per criminal case and my duty is only to represent my client. Since I have represented him in three courts, the charges have exceeded Rs 15 lakhs, but that is not of anyone’s concern.”

The judgement has definitely caused a lot of anger to many, and also gives a feeling that be it a rapist, a murdered or whoever commits a heinous crime, now everybody is getting away with but easily with money and power. The girl is clearly not at the mercy of her rapist or killer. And this is a serious issue which should be dealt with that very seriousness. The country shouldn’t wait for more number such incidents occurring.

 

Colleges and Gender Sexism: Where has the freedom gone?

Nelson Mandela once said, Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world.” It is very true that an educated person can bring about a lot of changes in a particular society. And in our country, for that very reason, there are thousands of educational institutions. And with the evolution of time education has evolved too. Earlier in our country, women were not encouraged to study and were married off at a very young age. However as time flew by, even women were permitted education.

Recently though, a few institutes have been in news, because of their atrocious set of rules that have been formed, mostly targeting the female students. First it was the infamous Christ University in Bangalore that was caught under the limelight for its set of rules and regulations with a lot of no-no’s. Their bizarre set of rules includes not allowing the students to roll up their sleeves, breaking of which would cost them their attendance. It is the security guards at the gate, who decide whether a student has to be allowed into the class or not. They are often seen touching the material of the chudi-bottom to check if the girls are wearing leggings or not. The security hence decides if the students have to be let into the gates or no.

And within few weeks of the Christ controversy having come up, came up such another incident of gender sexism. Mangalore’s St Aloysius College too faced charges for its sexist marks against their female students. The news came out in the limelight, when a former student and journalist Satshya Anna Tharein wrote about her experience as a student and all that she had faced while in college in her blog, which has close to 400 shares today. The draconian set of rules apparently state that no girl should ever wear make-up, follow the strict dress code and also should not mingle with boys. Apart from this, girls are not allowed to go out during the lunch break or even talk to boys from other classes, even during the break. Also, chewing gum is strictly prohibited, and breaking any of their rules leads to strict punishments and/or fines starting from Rs. 500.

Satshya wrote in her blog that “This is not just Aloysius. This is happening everyday in colleges across India. We need to speak up when injustice and inequality is meted out in such generous doses. I was silent for a very long time; I cannot be quiet anymore.

Jeppiar group of engineering colleges in Tamil Nadu too are infamously known for its obnoxious set of rules including no talking to the opposite gender, students are not allowed to even sit or eat with others and both boys and girls have different set of lanes and staircases to walk by.

And not abiding by these rules could cause severe harm to the students, either they are punished severely and their parents are called, or they are simply dismissed from college.

These set of extreme rules are forced upon the students and most of them seem to target the female students at large. Even though few of such cases are being brought out in the media, there are still so many more such colleges who follow such atrocious rules. But the question again remains if even after all these are the rules being rewritten or are the colleges still putting their students through the same.

Celebrating World Alzheimer’s Month.

A  progressive, degenerative disorder that attacks the brain’s nerve cells, or neurons, resulting in loss of memory, thinking and language skills, and behavioural changes, is what Alzheimer’s is defined as by the Alzheimer’s Foundation of America. Alzheimer’s in short is the memory disorder or the disorder that causes loss of memory.

September is considered and celebrated as World Alzheimer’s month. So here is a little insight into what the disorder is, its causes, cures, etc.

Dementia is the losing of mental capability that is generally caused by the death of a person’s brain cells, and Alzheimer’s is the most common type of Dementia. Death of the brain cells is caused over the course of a time period. This then leads to the brain itself shrinking.

The initials stages of the disease will see the affected person having minor confusion in figuring out things and forgetting little things. And as time passes the intensity increases, leading the person to forget the recent and latest events of his or her life. Then again, the extremity depends from person to person.  Repetition of conversations and questions or forgetting events, people, names or finding it difficult to recall things are all part of the disease.  Apart from this, in most cases vision and speech too are affected, wherein the person is unable to recognize faces or finds it difficult to understand and recall common words, phrases etc. Changes in behaviour including mood swings, agitation and feeling demotivated too are common symptoms of Alzheimer’s. Alzheimer’s is generally divided into three stages namely, Preclinical, Mild Cognitive Impairment and Dementia.  

“Memory is something that we treasure and it keeps us going on. Alzheimer’s however is one disorder or disease that can affect all segments of a person’s life, starting from daily life to the person’s critical thinking, everything gets disrupted. Like any other disorder, Alzheimer’s too affects not just the person who is victim to it, but the whole family itself. And hence it is essential to understand and cope up with it. Often patients are given very less care and isolated by their families, and this is absolutely wrong” says Abhirami Sanjay, a Psychology major.

Majorly two types of drugs are used in treating Alzheimer’s, namely Cholinesterase inhibitors and Memantine (Namenda). Though, it’s a long-term disease and full recovery or cure is never really a possibility. And at times, antidepressants too are used in order to control the behavioural signs shown by a patient.  But what majorly a person suffering from Alzheimer’s needs is full support from their family since they are unable to do things on their own.

Annu Mathew, a student pursuing Clinical Psychology says that “Alzheimer’s is often associated with old-age. Though it is common amongst the aged people, it can affect anybody at any point of their life. It is highly important to spread awareness about the same and also teach people how to be around or take care of people with Alzheimer’s. What they require the most is support, love and care from their dear ones. And so I feel celebrating this month of Alzheimer’s is a splendid idea.”

Food on Wheels

Pune has been known for its food culture and foodies are often left drooling with the mere sight of the variety of food made available. Food in the city has however gone up a level higher with some amazing food trucks doing the rounds. Food trucks which gained a lot of popularity through TLC’s ‘Eat Street’, and is thought of as more of an American concept has been widely accepted by people of all age groups. People can be seen like swarming bees around these trucks.

Here is a list of the most popular food trucks in the town:

Burgertron:  As it is revealed through the name itself, this food truck sells lip-smacking burgers and in so many varieties. Crabs, prawns, squid and chicken steak are some of their best burgers. They provide these mouth-watering burgers at a very reasonable price and have a lot in store for the meat lovers especially. They are located in Viman Nagar, which is a major hangout for most youngsters.

Price: Rs. 150-200.

The Cheese Truck: This is the ultimate cheese paradise for all the cheese lovers. Their menu includes grilled sandwiches with eggs, tandoori chicken, potatoes, eggs, creamy spinach pancakes, Nutella and cheese sandwich. However, their most sought-after dish is their “Stoner’s Delight”, which is a triple decker sandwich with lot of filling and a secret ingredient.

Price: Rs. 80-180

Henny’s Gourmet: Located on Salunkhe Vihar Road, Henry’s Gourmet is only and only for those who have a sweet tooth. This food truck sells out some of the best waffles in town. Starting from dark Belgian, strawberry cream cheese, blueberry, chocolate mousse, Nutella and Oreos served with whipped cream, they have it all.

Price: Rs. 100-240

 

Sources: filter.com indiatimes.com