Aung San Suu Kyi has a “last chance” to halt military attack: UN

Nobel Peace Prize winner and the de facto leader of Myanmar Aung San Suu Kyi has a “last chance” to halt military attack that is forcing hundreds of thousands of Rohingya to flee abroad, said the United Nations.

After the fresh outbreak of violence at the end of August, over 400,000 Rohingya Muslims have fled western Rakhine state into Bangladesh. On 25thAugust, the Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army (ARSA), an armed rebel group of fighters launched attacks on more than 25 military and boarder police killing a dozen Burmese Security Personnel. Rohingya who fled Myanmar say the militants responded to the ARSA attack with a brutal campaign, burning villages and attacking civilians to drive them out.

United Nations Secretary Antonio Guterres told BBC that unless Aung San Suu Kyi acted now, the tragedy will be absolutely horrible. Guterres’ warning came out after Bangladesh said that it is limiting the movement of more than 400,000 Rohingya who have fled Myanmar. The Bangladeshi police said that Rohingya would not be allowed to travel outside their allocated homes, not even to live with their family.

The Rohingya Crisis is set to appear as a key issue at the UN General Assembly in New York, where world leaders are gathering for meetings. Aung San Suu Kyi is skipping an appearance at the meeting. She claimed that the crisis is being distorted by a huge iceberg of misinformation that is promoting the interest of terrorists.

Sources: BBC, Press 24

Antonio Guterres convenes a political solution for North Korea

North Korea is becoming an increasing threat to the global community in the wake of the persistent ballistic missile tests in Pyongyang.

On Thursday the UN Secretary Antonio Guterres has called for a political solution to clamp down on the violence and growing political tensions between North Korea and the rest of the world.

“The solution can only be political. Military action could cause devastation on a scale that would take generations to overcome,” Guterres told reporters at a news conference at the UN headquarters in New York as reported in the Times of India.

North Korea will be forced to comply with its international obligations, Guterres added as he called upon all the member nations to see to its implementation. This comes amidst a unanimous agreement and implementation of a new resolution by the Security Council, thus sending a clear warning to North Korea.

However, Nicholas Burns, an eminent American think tank believes this resolution is not enough for the North Korea and that they might not budge from their current political ideologies and plans.

“We are in a new and dangerous phase of the crisis” Burns said as reported in the Times of India.

Sources: The Hindu, TOI

Image Source: AFP

Portugal’s Antonio Guterres sworn as UN Secretary-General 

Antonio Guterres, former Portuguese Prime Minster, took the oath of the Secretary-General office of the United Nations. He is the 9th Chief of the UN and will take the office on January 1. Guterres took the oath in the presence of 193 members of the UN General Assembly.
Antonio Guterres, in his address to the General Assembly after the swearing-in, highlighted three key areas for the organisation—Peace, sustainable development and management reforms. He said, “The United Nations needs to be nimble, efficient and effective. It must focus more on delivery and less on process; more on people and less on bureaucracy,” He also stressed on achieving gender parity within the administration of the UN. The UN is yet to see the appointment of a female Secretary-General.

The swearing-in ceremony came after the tribute paid to UN Secretary-General, Ban Ki-moon. Ban will step down on January 1, after serving two five-year terms as UN Chief. Present for the swearing-in ceremony were the top leaders of the UN and the world including Myanmar’s Aung San Suu Kyi.

Guterres served Portugal as Prime Minster from 1995 to 2002. He was then appointed as UN High Commissioner for Refugees from 2005 to 2015.

Sources: CBS, The Hindu

Image source: United Nations

Antonio Guterres to be sworn in as UN Secretary General tomorrow

According to reports in The Indian Express, Former Portuguese Prime Minister Antonio Guterres shall be sworn in tomorrow. Guterres, 67, would be succeeding Ban Ki-moon and will take over as the as the ninth chief of the world body.

Peter Thompson, President of the UN General Assembly will administer the Oath of Office at a 193-member special plenary meeting of the General Assembly. The Secretary General- designate is then expected to address the General Assembly.
The General Assembly unanimously appointed Antonio Guterres as the successor to Ban, after earlier in October, a 15-nation Security Council decided by acclamation to nominate his name to the Assembly for a final decision.
Guterres, who has also held the position of UN High Commissioner for Refugees remained the front-runner in the election to choose Ban’s successor despite growing calls by several UN States to nominate a woman for the post.
Ban Ki-moon’s second term as UN Secretary ends on December 31, after which Guterres is set to assume his role for a five-year term which begins on January 1, 2017.

Story source: The Indian Express, Business Standard

Image source: Livemint