The capital is under the cloud of diseases such as chikungunya and dengue over the past few weeks. With over 12,000 cases across the country, New Delhi has been the worst hit with death toll rising to 30 and 2,800 suffering.
The two vector borne diseases are fatally affecting the people over the age of 60 as they are more vulnerable to multiple organ failure during the affected period. Dengue, unlike chikungunya can itself cause death rather than organs failing to function. The endemic which started at the during August as a result of heavy rainfall has already affected wide range of population in different parts of New Delhi.
It is vital to know about the causes, symptoms and preventive measures that can be adopted to secure oneself.
Transmitted through the bite of female Aedes mosquito, the dengue can be also be spread through blood transfusion from one human body to another. They prey during the night.
The disease primarily affects the muscle cells of the body and is caused by the same female mosquito as the Aedes.
Being viral diseases, there is no prescribed or immediate treatment for dengue and chikungunya.
“The treatment for dengue and chikungunya is symptomatic and therefore, doctors wait for the symptoms to become evident in the body,” says Dr Dalal, a gastroenterologist at Primus Super Speciality Hospital, Delhi.
Paracetamol is provided to the affected patients after three days for the fever to subside and subsequently the patients are asked to consume more fluids.
To put it in simple terms, Dr. Dalal says, “Avoid getting bitten by mosquitoes,” justifying it as there no vaccination or medication that can prevent a certain disease. Cover yourself and apply mosquito repellent creams. As the mosquitos thrive of fresh water, make sure there is no stagnant or affected water lying around.
Measures adopted by the Delhi Government
Although receiving a lot of criticism for being unable to tackle the chikungunya, dengue outbreak in the capital, the Aam Aadmi Party is putting in their best efforts to meet the demands of patients and doctors. With 1,000 extra beds in all government hospitals for the affected patients, the Delhi government has asked all the hospitals in the capital to reserve 10 percent of the beds for chikungunya and dengue cases.
“In the meeting, I demanded reservation of 10 per cent beds at all Centre-run hospitals including AIIMS, RML and Safdurjung for treatment of dengue and chikungunya patients.” Delhi Health Minister Satyendar Jain said after his meeting Union Health Minister J P Nadda.
Arvind Kejriwal has also requested to set up fever clinics across Delhi so that people can be clarified about their disease before they get themselves admitted to the hospitals. He has also asked other state governments to set up the same as lack of good medical facilities is extending the pressure on Delhi Hospitals. Apart from this, Kejriwal has ordered to buy as many fogging machines required and also asked for cooperation from centre and different political parties in these testing times when the capital is ailing under the intense threat of dengue and chikungunya.
Sources: Indian Express, NDTV, PTI