North Korea- Pakistan linked on Nuclear proliferation, says India

 

India sought investigation into North Korea’s nuclear linkages and asked to hold accountable for it, in a veiled reference to Pakistan. Sushma Swaraj, External Affairs Minister’s remarks came days after North Korea fired another missile (mid ranged ballistic) over Japanon Friday. Ministry spokesperson Raveesh Kumar informed reporters at a news conference in New York. 

Violating the international rules, it carried out its most powerful nuclear test with a hydrogen bomb on 3rd September, triggering an artificial earthquake with a 6.3 magnitude. 

Swaraj’s response comes in regard with her trilateral meeting with the U.S. Secretary of State, Rex Tillerson and her Japanese counterpart Taro Kono on the United Nations General Assembly session. Kumar did not specifically mention Pakistan’s name, but surely suggested with hints. “I think I am giving you enough material to try to figure out what we are talking about,” he said. Reports indicate Pakistan had secretly supplied North Korea with nuclear enrichment technology when AQ Khan headed the former’s nuclear program. 

The three leaders discussed the issue of maritime security and connectivity. “We have spelled out what these heads mean on security the ministers emphasized the need to ensure freedom of navigation respect for international law and peaceful resolution of disputes,” said Kumar. 

Sources:

Indian Express, Hindustan Times

 

North Korea confirms the test-firing of ballistic missiles

North Korea confirmed on Wednesday that the three ballistic missiles it tested a day earlier were mock nuclear-missile attacks carried out as part of a simulated pre-emptive attack on ports and airfields in South Korea, reported WSJ.
Test-firing of the missiles was in gross violation of the resolutions as North Korea is prohibited from developing ballistic missile technology as per UN resolutions. The test firing could be seen as a resentful reaction to the deployment of US missile defence system in South Korea under which around 30,000 American troops were posted in South Korea.
The three missiles were launched from Hwangju. One flew 500 kilometers (311 miles) and the other 600 kilometers (373 miles) before it crashed into the sea off the country’s East coast, as per a South Korean military statement, which said that the third missile’s trajectory was still being examined.
Korean Central News Agency (KCNA), which is North Korea’s official news agency, reported that the exercise was supervised by Kim Jong Un himself.
“The drill was conducted by limiting the firing range under the simulated conditions of making preemptive strikes at ports and airfields in the operational theatre in South Korea where the US imperialists nuclear war hardware is to be hurled,” stated KCNA.
 UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said that the test was ‘deeply troubling’ and undermined efforts to reduce tension on the Korean peninsula, as reported in The Tehelka.

U.S.A – SOTH KOREA REACHES AGREEMENT ON THAAD

The United States and South Korea announced on Friday that an advanced missile defense system, called as Terminal High Altitude Area Defence(THAAD), will be installed in South Korea. The decision was made public by Yoo-Jeh-Seung, the deputy minister for policy of the South Korean defense ministry and Lt.General Thomas Vandal the commander of U.S eighth army in Seoul,South-Korea. This comes as a result of North Korea testing nuclear ballistic missiles in the Korean peninsula. In a joint statement released by both the countries said that shield will only be to counter the North Korean threat. China, however, has expressed dissatisfaction and said that it would greatly affect the security balance of the Korean peninsula.
U.S.A, has denied the claims by China by stating that THAAD would be solely used against North Korea and not against China or any other nation. Various nuclear and missile test by North Korea in the past few months have prompted U.S.A and South Korea to this decision. Another factor here is the North Korean missiles can now hit the U.S.A’s pacific fleet. Experts suggest, as a result of this decision China would move closer to North Korea and also the fact that it would have an adverse effect on the South Korean economy, as South Korea is the largest tourist hub for Chinese travelers. Local villagers in South Korea are also against this move since they believe that installation of THAAD defense system can also cause harmful radiation , which could spread in nearby areas. North Korea has yet to provided any response to this move.

Sources: http://www.nytimes.com/2016/07/08/world/asia/south-korea-and-us-agree-to-deploy-missile-defense-system.html?_r=1 (NEWYORK TIMES)

http://www.reuters.com/article/us-southkorea-usa-thaad-idUSKCN0ZO084

India closing in on Westinghouse deal to build 6 nuclear reactors

India expects to fix a convention with Westinghouse Electric Co LLC to build six nuclear reactors in the first half of 2016, a senior government official said. The proposed power plant in Gujarat will speed up India’s strategy to manufacture roughly 60 reactors, making India world’s second-biggest nuclear energy market followed by China.

India wants to amplify its nuclear capacity to 63,000 megawatts (MW) by 2032, from 5,780 MW.  This strategy would mean a broader push to move away from fossil fuels, slash greenhouse gas emissions and avoid the hazardous effect of climate change.

USA has signed a pact with India in 2008, making the path for nuclear commerce that had earlier been obstructed due to New Delhi’s nuclear weapons programme and declining of the global Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT).

In a statement, Westinghouse said it anticipated India would shift towards a structure that satisfies the CSC and channels accident liability exclusively to the operator. Before slipping back, shares of Westinghouse’s parent, Toshiba Corp, jumped as much as 3.3% after the news.

A contract with Westinghouse could also put demands on General Electric Co, whose nuclear energy venture with Hitachi was offered a site six years ago to manufacture reactors.

According to Indian and Russian officials, India is expected to offer Russia a site in Andhra Pradesh to build six reactors, on top of the six it is already expected to build in Tamil Nadu.

Negotiators from Westinghouse and Indian operator Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited (NPCL) have held several rounds of meeting on the nuclear plant in Mithi Virdi, said a government official.

 

Source: The Times of India

The Horror Lives On

Japan: Hiroshima marks the 69th anniversary of the horrifying nuclear bomb attacks on Wednesday.  Several peace ceremonies are to be conducted throughout the day in order to pray for the souls of the victims who lost their lives in an attack that still shakes up the citizen of Japan.

Mayor Kazumi Matsui invited US President Barack Obama along with other world leaders to visit the cities that were affected during the bombings that took place in 1945. In his speech, he exclaimed his belief that once the leaders of the world would visit the A-bombed cities, they would join hands with him to eradicate the menace of the nuclear weapons.

Exactly 69 years back, during the end of the Second World War, an atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima, killing an estimated 1, 40,000 people as an aftermath. After three days, Nagasaki too was bombed in a similar way, killing almost 70,000 people. It was the first and last time that a nuclear weapon was used during a war.

Though it has been a long time ever since, the horror in the minds of the survivors, their families and the citizen in general lives on, so much so that nuclear weapons are considered to be a form of evil till date.

To read more: http://abcnews.go.com/International/wireStory/japan-marks-69th-anniversary-hiroshima-bombing-24858379

 

 

North Korea Announces 3rd Nuclear Test, Anti-US Aims

 

North Korea’s nuclear saber-rattling has reached a new peak. North Korean officials have made clear their intent to conduct a third nuclear test (earlier tests were in 2006 and 2009), as well as further rocket launches specifically designed to demonstrate missile reach extending to the U.S. North Korea is not believed to have the technology to deliver a nuclear warhead capable of hitting the continental United States, although its December launch showed it had the capacity to deliver a rocket that could travel 10,000 km (6,200 miles), potentially putting San Francisco in range, according to an intelligence assessment by South Korea. ‘We are not disguising the fact that the various satellites and long-range rockets that we will fire and the high-level nuclear test we will carry out are targeted at the United States,’ North Korea’s National Defence Commission said, according to state news agency KCNA.

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