Refugee ban granted by US Supreme Court

By the decision of lower court and the justice department, 24,000 additional refugees, who were granted an allowance to enter the US before October, were banned due to Supreme Court Justices grant on Tuesday, September 12, 2017. This was done on the basis of a request from the Trump administration block.

On March 6, 2017, US President Donald Trump had signed a revised order banning travelers and refugees from six Muslim majority countries, namely, Iran, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria and Yemen, for 90 days and 120 days respectively. Trump claimed that the reason for this ban was to prevent terrorists. Though there had been no definite information regarding the permanence or the expansion of the limit of the ban.

As the Lower Courts argued that this ban goes against the constitution and feudal immigration law, the High Court agreed to look into the matter, but did not came up with anything constructive. After the 9th US Circuit Court of Appeals, it has been decided that, people having authentic relationships with legal US residents or with entities in the US, will be exempted from the travel ban. But, nothing has been specified about the refugee allowance.

As reported by Reuters, senior director of campaigns, Naureen Shah of Amnesty International of USA said, “The Supreme Court today had dealt yet another devastating blow to vulnerable people who were on the cusp of obtaining safety for themselves and their families. They continue to be subjected to unimaginable violence and fear while their lives are in limbo.”

Sourced from Reuters and Al jazeera

 

US Supreme Court approves Trump’s travel ban on 6 Muslim Countries

The US Supreme court has passed the Trump administration’s travel ban on 6 Muslim countries including Iran, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria and Yemen. The decision came into effect on June 29th, 2017 after a five month long struggle with various activist groups. The ban is currently temporary and the travel restrictions are 90 days for visitors and 120 days for refugees. The government has made an exception, allowing individuals from the countries mentioned above with ‘close family relationships’ or ‘formal, documented’ relationships to enter the US. People exempted from this new rule include students, journalists and workers who have either valid contracts or invitations into the country.

Various human rights organisations and activist groups have openly condemned this move because of its evident bias against Muslims. “It remains clear that President Trump’s purpose is to disparage and condemn Muslims,” said Omar Jadwat, who is the director of the American Civil Liberties Union’s Immigrants’ Rights Project. The Trump administration on the other hand is fiercely standing their ground as they believe the ban is necessary to ensure terrorists do no enter the country.

Trump’s travel ban first took effect in January 2017 under Executive Order 13769 which attempted to reduce the number of refugees entering the USA and simultaneously suspending the U.S. Refugee Admissions Program (USRAP) for 120 days. What followed were widespread protests and multiple legal battles which lead to its eventual revision. The current temporary travel ban was another attempt by the government to filter the entry of individuals into the country, which the Supreme Court has agreed to.

Sources: The Hindu, The Times of India

Mass Influx of African Migrants from US to Canada

According to Canadian Authorities, at least 22 African migrants crossed the Canadian-American border into Canada. They entered the country through Manitoba on Sunday, February 19, 2017. Eight more had reached the city of Emerson on February 17, 2017. Emerson is the city closest to the US border near North Dakota and Minnesota. The border has no official crossings and security forces in many arras, making it easy for the migrants to cross into Canada. This  has come in the wake of U.S. President Donald Trump’s travel ban, targeting mainly refugees from the Middle East, Asian and African countries.

Canadian Authorities further stated that 99 people crossed the border in the beginning of the year before Trump took office. According to Firstpost, the Conservatives are considered over the mass influx of asylum seekers and have requested the American Authorities to look into the matter. “Illegal crossings are dangerous and a burden on our local communities, and our laws must be enforced,” Tony Clement, a Conservative spokesman for public safety issues, said on Twitter.

This issue came into the spotlight after two men from Ghana, suffered severe frostbites and they had to undergo amputation.

Sources: Firstpost, CBC

Image Source: Times Delhi

UN Summit on refugees and migrants, a move towards a better living

The UN General Assembly is all set for the Global Compact Leaders Summit 2016 to address “large movements of refugees and migrants”. For the first time, New York will witness world leaders and the heads of the states discussing the humongous movements among refugees across nations and approach of responding to them in a humane manner.

As per United Nations, the aim of the meet is to “strengthen governance of international migration and a unique opportunity for creating a more responsible, predictable system for responding to large movements of refugees and migrants.

The sufferers of the mass killings, terrorism and shelling bombs over the disputed areas have lined up a huge amount of refugees in the world. It’s a brutal image to picturise small kids playing around with dirt, women trying to collate the rumbled ashes to start a new living, people in queues waiting for the food supplies and water outside the tents. For them, their aspirations have died and their struggle is to get basic amenities because they cannot think of buying them or earning them. There are Millions displaced by the fighting in Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iraq, Syria, Libya etc. But mere condemning at calamity and wondering how this will get resolved is not the need of the hour. Rather the ever action loving Americans are here missing that action: an act of making the miserable lives of the refugees and migrant better.

In 2015, the rate of conflict and persecution was such that one in every 113 people were displaced globally from their homes because. Countries like Syria, Afghanistan and Somalia produced half of the world’s refugees. The question is that where these refugees took refuge then. It was found that about 86 percent of the world’s refugees took shelter in developing countries. Shockingly, in a place where the most of the citizens don’t have access to basic amenities like clean drinking water, houses and jobs, it is far from our imagination what will be the living conditions of these refugees there.

Apart from the basic facilities, the most challenging fact is the trauma and the struggle they go through the refugees, especially the children go through. Over the years the cases of sexual assaults have been increasing against refugees.

On the sidelines of the UN General Assembly summit, the US President Obama hosting the Leaders’ Summit on Refugees on September 20 is a significant move. Because it has been found that thirty-one of the US states rejected the idea of accepting refugees while several countries have agreed to accept a larger number of refugees. In fact creating conditions at first that will push more people out of their homes and countries is something these developed countries are also responsible for. There should be a concerted approach to ending the turmoil and make the refugees feel safe at home.

The leaders of the UN summit are expected to approve a document for a coordinated approach that will protect the human rights of refugees and migrants.

Fillipo Grandi, UN’s high commissioner for refugees said that if they can transform that document into a concrete projection in which many volunteers participate to solve the problem in emergency conditions and in brutal responses like the Syrian situation.

Though the document does not legally bridge but it plays a crucial role in tackling migrant issues between the United States and Europe.

World’s toughest to-do list at UN General Assembly

While the United Nations General Assembly in session in New York this week, 140 heads of state gather to discuss the agenda for this year, in 71st  annual assembly. In addition, this will be Ban Ki- Moon’s last meeting as the UN Secretary General. Also, Barrack Obama will attend the assembly and make his final address for the last time as the President of the Unites States. Here are the few instances where dialogue translated into peaceful resolution:

Curbing violent extremism:

 

Terrorism has cast a dark spell in quite a few parts of the world this year and the central forces are failing miserably to check what seems to be the greatest threat to mankind. In fact, while the General Assembly is in session on the East River in Manhattan, the city was bombed injuring 29 people, which is now being by the New York Police. On the same day, a man stabbed nine people at a mall in Minnesota; and a blast disrupted a Marine Corps charity run in New Jersey.

After these possible terror attacks, the security has been tightened around all the UN events. Europe, on the other hand, has seen multiple instances of infiltration by extremists as well as ISIS militants, and very frequently at that.In addition the recent attack on the Uri Army Base in Jammu and Kashmir, followed by Pakistan’s denying any involvement in the assault when India has concrete evidences against them, has been the talk of the town ever since. To top it up, anti democratic speeches, coupled by counter speeches, particularly by Nawaz Sharif and other international political dignitaries outweighed the forum’s agenda to avoid war and negotiate differences.

Foster peace in the ravaged Middle East

 

In what seems to be an undying remnant of the cold war, Syria has born the maximum brunt of the never-ending tension between the US and Russia. The issue, which started with Moscow’s intervention in Syria after a strenuous meeting between Russian President Vladimir Putin and Obama last year, has escalated out of proportion. This in response to the US strike on Syrian forces that the military had thought was an ISIS target. Moscow argued that the US was not ready to fully cooperate with them to fight militancy in the Middle-East, especially Syria, in an emergency Security Council meeting called by Russia after the US strike. Moscow also warned that the Syrian ceasefire might break down as a result of the assault.  

Secretary of State John Kerry and Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov, the architects of the nascent ceasefire, are expected to meet and offer an update on its progress.

The world faces the worst global refugee crisis in a quarter century:

 

As per statistics offered by the United Nations, more than 21 million people are displaced today, half of them children, all of them in need of food, shelter, safety and livelihoods.  Waves of people fleeing countries such as Syria, South Sudan and Afghanistan have overwhelmed the international refugee system. This record- breaking number of destabilised refugees has not only overwhelmed European nations leading to redefining its political landscape, but has also increased the risk of terrorist infiltrators. Moreover, it is giving rise to of right-leaning anti-immigrant political parties in Europe and becoming a divisive US presidential campaign issue as well. Emphasizing on the unprecedented strain that the refugees have placed on the host countries, Donald Trump warned a crowd to “lock your doors” to stay safe from Syrian refugees, and in June added that “a lot of those people are ISIS.” However, Obama announced that that it will increase the number of refugees it absorbs from 85,000 this year to 110,000 in 2017. Apart from expanded refugee settlement, the US is also ready to provide them with new opportunities such as improved access to education and legal employment. In addition, the administration said it would give $11 million to a UN fund that helps countries accepting refugees.

Threat of nuclear weapons

 

This month, North Korea’s largest nuclear test has managed to raise quite a few eyebrows at various international forums, mostly because the area accounts for 40 per cent of the global economy. Barrack Obama is all set to discuss all major Asian issues with Chinese Premier Li Keqiang, besides North Korea’s nuclear tests.

Amongst the acoustics echoing in the grand hall that allows for shouts and screams to be heard by all, the ubiquitous issues of ending poverty, disease and hunger seem somewhat meek to be subjugated. However, the Assembly often plants the seeds for resolution of conflicts and hot button issues; even if it does not manage to provide absolute solutions.

Sources:

Another Syrian toddler’s body washes up on Turkish beach

Image Source: www.euaustralia.com
Image Source: www.euaustralia.com

Just weeks after pictures of drowned Syrian toddler Aylan Kurdi shook the world and brought the refugee crisis in Europe into sharp focus another four-year-old Syrian girl’s body has washed up on a beach in Western Turkey.

The yet-to-be identified toddler’s body was found on a beach in the Aegean town of Cesme in Izmir province. According to the official Anatolia news agency the girl drowned after a boat carrying 15 Syrians to the Greek island of Chios sank.

The Turkish coast guard was successful in rescuing the other 14 refugees, including eight children, of the ill-fated boat. The girl is the only reported casualty from the accident.

Syrians fleeing their country through risky sea voyages to Greece and other Europeans countries has resulted in over 2,600 people losing their lives in the Mediterranean this year alone. Turkish Deputy Prime Minister Numan Kurtulmus has said in a statement that over 53,000 migrants have been rescued by the Turkish coast guard since the beginning of the year.

Migrants are now looking to reach Europe by land to avoid the dangers of crossing the sea. The Turkish city of Edirne, which is 10km from the Greek border, has been promoted on social media as a safer route.