Trump’s Travel Ban in Full Effect After Being Approved by the US Supreme Court

The US Supreme Court, on Monday, has allowed US President Donald Trump’s travel ban to be enforced by his administration despite the numerous appeals and legal challenges it faced. The ban on travel of residents from six mainly Muslim countries and two others can be instantly inflicted while challenges of the ban are settled in multiple court cases.

The Justices at the US Supreme Court ruled in favor of the travel ban with merely two dissenting votes. The final tally of 7-2 has come as a major blow to anti-discrimination activists and supporters who expected the final resolution to be announced after months of contemplation. The ruling would uphold the latest version of the entry visa ban affecting prospective travelers from Chad, Iran, Libya, Somalia, Syria, Yemen along with residents of North Korea and Venezuela, that Donald Trump announced in September.

According to The Guardian, travelers from these countries would be allowed passage into the US if they possessed “bona fide” links within the United States such as reported business intentions; or immediate family relationships. The ruling, however, does not constitutionalize the ban but recognizes its merits and importance as put forward by Trump’s administration. The Supreme Court is expected to conduct a full review into the merits and demerits of the ban – whether it infringes any constitutional protections against discrimination -in the next few months.

The Times Of India stated that 9th US Circuit Court of Appeals based in San Francisco and the Richmond, Virginia-4th US Circuit Court of Appeals, will be conducting sessions with arguments regarding the nature of the ban and its legality this week. The Supreme Court expects the courts to reach an appropriate conclusive pronouncement as soon as possible as its ability to hear and rule on this issue by the end of June relies on their decision.

Americans banned from travelling to North Korea

The U.S. State Department has imposed a ban on the United States’ passport holder to travel to North Korea. According to the statement issued on August 2, the ban will be in effect from September 1.

The officials have asked all the U.S. passport holders currently living in North Korea to return before the restriction begins. The ban will be in effect for next one year. According to a report by CBS, the Secretary of State, Rex Tillerson, can further extend the ban or revoke it sooner.

According to the statement, “The Secretary has authorized the restriction due to the serious and mounting risk of arrest and long-term detention of U.S. citizens under North Korea’s system of law enforcement.”

According to a Reuters report, North Korea currently holds one Korean-American missionary and two academics, three South Korean nationals and a Canadian pastor. According to Japan, several dozens of their nationals are also detained by North Korea.

In a public notice, journalists and humanitarian workers are exempted from the ban. The ban has come in amid increasing tensions between the two nations. The upcoming ban will also make North Korea the only country Americans can not fly to.

Sources – Reuters, CBS News

US Supreme Court approves Trump’s travel ban on 6 Muslim Countries

The US Supreme court has passed the Trump administration’s travel ban on 6 Muslim countries including Iran, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria and Yemen. The decision came into effect on June 29th, 2017 after a five month long struggle with various activist groups. The ban is currently temporary and the travel restrictions are 90 days for visitors and 120 days for refugees. The government has made an exception, allowing individuals from the countries mentioned above with ‘close family relationships’ or ‘formal, documented’ relationships to enter the US. People exempted from this new rule include students, journalists and workers who have either valid contracts or invitations into the country.

Various human rights organisations and activist groups have openly condemned this move because of its evident bias against Muslims. “It remains clear that President Trump’s purpose is to disparage and condemn Muslims,” said Omar Jadwat, who is the director of the American Civil Liberties Union’s Immigrants’ Rights Project. The Trump administration on the other hand is fiercely standing their ground as they believe the ban is necessary to ensure terrorists do no enter the country.

Trump’s travel ban first took effect in January 2017 under Executive Order 13769 which attempted to reduce the number of refugees entering the USA and simultaneously suspending the U.S. Refugee Admissions Program (USRAP) for 120 days. What followed were widespread protests and multiple legal battles which lead to its eventual revision. The current temporary travel ban was another attempt by the government to filter the entry of individuals into the country, which the Supreme Court has agreed to.

Sources: The Hindu, The Times of India

US issues new visa rules for six Muslim countries and refugees

The Trump administration has set out a new set of guidelines for six mainly Muslim countries as well as refugees. One major rule is that the immigrants need to have a close relative in the United States in order to obtain a US visa. The supreme court has put in place a partial travel ban which the then republican candidate, Donald Trump, promised during his campaign.

These set of guidelines came to light when the department cable was leaked to the press and is yet to be confirmed, according to a report by Al Jazeera. The countries which fall under this new visa rules are Syria, Sudan, Somalia, Libya, Iran and Yemen. Refugees, irrespective of their nationality, fall under this visa rule. The term ‘close relative’ here is defined as a parent, spouse, child, adult son or daughter, son or daughter-in-law or sibling.

Journalists, students, workers or lecturers who have valid invitations to the country may be exempt from the ban.

While the new travel restrictions will be enforced strictly by the visas will not be revoked from existing visa holders.

According to the cable which was obtained by the AP News, the laws will be put in place on June 29, 2017.

Sources:
Image Source: Getty

Iraq excluded from US travel ban list

According to American president Donald Trump’s new immigration order, Iraq will be removed from the list of countries who face a temporary travel ban to the US. Trump will sign the executive order on Wednesday.

The Independent reported that four US officials told Associated Press, the decision was an outcome of pressure from the Pentagon and the State Department which triggered the White House to think about excluding Iraq given its significant role in fighting the ISIS.

Citizens of six other Muslim countries, namely Iran, Syria, Libya, Somalia, Sudan and Yemen will remain on the list. The officials spoke on condition of anonymity because they were not authorised to reveal anything before the order is signed. The ban stands effective for 3 months.

The new order will include other changes as well such as the categorisation of the Syrian refugees under an indefinite ban will now include them under a general, 120-day suspension of new refugee entries.

The original order was signed in January which sparked outrage and caused panic and confusion among travelers. Some of them were sent back after being detained at U.S airports and others barred from boarding flights at foreign airports.

SOURCES-

  1. INDEPENDENT- http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/us-politics/donald-trump-muslim-ban-immigration-reform-change-iraq-countries-a7604926.html

2. INDIA TODAY-http://indiatoday.intoday.in/story/donald-trump-immigration-order-iraq-travel-ban-list-us-officials/1/893989.html

3. IMAGE SOURCE- Alaraby

Mass Influx of African Migrants from US to Canada

According to Canadian Authorities, at least 22 African migrants crossed the Canadian-American border into Canada. They entered the country through Manitoba on Sunday, February 19, 2017. Eight more had reached the city of Emerson on February 17, 2017. Emerson is the city closest to the US border near North Dakota and Minnesota. The border has no official crossings and security forces in many arras, making it easy for the migrants to cross into Canada. This  has come in the wake of U.S. President Donald Trump’s travel ban, targeting mainly refugees from the Middle East, Asian and African countries.

Canadian Authorities further stated that 99 people crossed the border in the beginning of the year before Trump took office. According to Firstpost, the Conservatives are considered over the mass influx of asylum seekers and have requested the American Authorities to look into the matter. “Illegal crossings are dangerous and a burden on our local communities, and our laws must be enforced,” Tony Clement, a Conservative spokesman for public safety issues, said on Twitter.

This issue came into the spotlight after two men from Ghana, suffered severe frostbites and they had to undergo amputation.

Sources: Firstpost, CBC

Image Source: Times Delhi

Court of Appeals blocks President Trump’s bid to reinstate travel ban

A US Appeals Court has repealed Donald Trump’s attempt to reinstate a travel ban on individuals attempting to enter the United States of America from any one of seven Muslim-majority nations that have been deemed to be a security risk. The ban, which was rejected unanimously by a three-judge panel, attempted to prohibit citizens of Iran, Iraq, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria and Yemen from entering the United States of America.

The panel rejected the bid on the grounds that it did not improve national security in any tangible way, and that the administration failed to provide evidence that anyone from the seven blacklisted countries had committed terrorist acts in the United States. Within minutes of the ruling, Donald Trump responded to the decision with a tweet indicating that the issue has not reached its culmination, and that further appeals are imminent.

The court ruling has not affected an integral part of the executive order, namely the segment that reduces the limit of 50,000 refugees to be admitted into the United States in 2017. The previous cap implemented by the Obama administration was 110,000.

The decision was met with disapproval from Republicans, with Senator Tom Cotton of Arkansas saying that “Courts ought not second-guess sensitive national security decisions of the president.” The order is likely to be taken up in the Supreme Court as the Trump administration attempts to force it through, and the decision may be swayed by Trump’s appointment of Judge Neil Gorsuch to the Supreme Court.

Sources: The New York Times, BBC

Image Source: Associated Press