USA had a dream, but what of it now?

US President Donald Trump has made many changes to the administration and policy since his term began in January of this year. Many of them have not been well-received and have aroused both anger and hatred from many across the world. A determined pushback of policy by Trump has been directed towards the vast area of immigration. Overcoming the lengthy controversy and vitriol stirred up by his decision to ban immigration from a number of countries to the USA that was widely seen as a policy of racial and religious discrimination, Trump has done it again. This time again, it has left many wondering about their future in the US.

Trump came to power on the strength of promises that he made during his campaign, one of the biggest being that he would build a wall and make Mexico pay for it. Mexico has repeatedly refused to pay for a wall and while this discussion has not progressed, Trump has taken a decision that will affect those already living in the USA, on a policy that is much lesser known and perhaps one that many do not fully understand.

In 2012, then president Barack Obama created a federal government programme that would protect from deportation those who arrived in the US as children and allow them to grow up in the country and find work in the US, legally. This was seen as a chance for these undocumented migrants to build themselves a life in the US, giving these children a right to temporarily residen, study and work in the US. This was known as the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program, or DACA, and those protected by it were called the Dreamers. This programme was a compromise on the part of the Obama government on the DREAM act after Development, Relief and Education for Alien Minors (Dream) Act failed to pass. This bill had first been introduced in the Senate on August 1, 2001 by United States Senators Dick Durbin and Orrin Hatch and reintroduced many times since, without ever being passed.

Beneficaries of the DACA Act had to  necessarily be under the age of 18 and undocumented when they arrived in the US, were vetted thoroughly for any criminal history, threats they posed to national security, and had to be students or have completed school or military service. They also had to be below the age of 31 on 15 June 2012, the official date on which the programme began and had to be living continuously in the US for the last five years, i.e., since 2007. While the Dream Act allowed the migrants a chance to become permanent residents of the US, the DACA could merely defer deportation by two years, with a chance of renewal and allows them basics such as a work permit, a driver’s license and a change to enrol in college. Approximately 7,87,580 people are beneficiaries of this programme till date. A large chunk of these numbers hail from Mexico, brought to the US by their parents as children.

While one of Trump’s many promises during his campaign was to rollback DACA, no such measure had been taken till now. But on September 5, Trump and his administration announced that they would be ending DACA in March 2018, with “an orderly, lawful wind down”, as well as “the cancellation of the memo that authorized this program”. As Barack Obama said, the decision was “self-defeating” and contrary to “basic decency” and that  “A shadow has been cast over some of our best and brightest young people once again.” Trump’s reversal of Obama’s policy has cast the fate of almost 800,000 people into doubt.

So what happens to them? Since Obama created this programme as an executive policy decision, Trump was only able to reverse the policy and has given Congress a period of six months to come up with a legislative policy. Till then, no more applications to DACA will be entertained and as of March 2018, the privileges enjoyed by those in the programmme will begin expire. In short, the status the Dreamers hold will be snatched away from them, unless Congress brings out a legislation allowing for some other method of temporary or permanent legal immigration status. As they lose their status, they become vulnerable to deportation and could be sent back to countries that they were born in.

Trump has stated that law-abiding Daca recipients will not be acted against. This is small consolation, however, and fear has been rising in the US since the announcement was made. The Trump administration and the Congress holds in its hands the fate of the Dreamers, for now.

Repeal of DACA puts young Indian Americans at risk of Deportation

The Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program which was started under the presidency of Obama has been repealed by the Trump administration. This is considered as one of the most controversial decision President Trump ever made. This announcement was mad on September 5, 2017. More than 800,000 young adult immigrants were protected by this scheme and their lives are in jeopardy now.

Currently, there is no new scheme which will be implemented in place of DACA. It is said, according to Vox that those currently protected by DACA will start losing work permits from March 6, 2018. There are 20,000 Indian children who were brought into the country illegally and may now face deportation. These are data recovered from South Asian Americans Leading Togethere (SAALT).

There have been protests all over the country after the announcement. SAALT went on to say, “Over 27,000 Asian Americans, including 5,500 Indians and Pakistanis, have already received DACA. An additional estimated 17,000 individuals from India and 6,000 from Pakistan respectively are eligible for DACA, placing India in the top ten countries for DACA eligibility,” according to NDTV.

Sources – Vox, The New Yorker, NDTV

Trump’s move to rescind DACA may affect 7000 Indian Americans

Donald Trump plans to soon end a programme that allows work permits to immigrants who arrived in America illegally as children. The move may impact more than 7000 Indian Americans.

The programme, known as the Deferred Action for Children Arrival (DACA) was one of major immigration reform under the Obama administration.

On Friday September 1, White House Secretary Sarah Anderson addressed reporters that Trump would take a decision the following day but Politico in its exclusive story reported on September 3 that Trump had already decided to cancel the programme and senior administration officials are in discussions regarding the roll out of Trump’s decision. But Politico also reported that the officials have cautioned Trump’s decision may change until it is formally made public.

Such a decision, which Trump has been supporting since his campaigning days, may draw major backlash even from his own Republican party. The decision to rescind DACA may affect almost 75,000 undocumented workers including more than 7,000 Indian Americans.

According to the latest US Citizenship and Immigration Services statistics, India ranks 11 in the countries of origin among DACA students.

CATO Institute in its study released a week ago stated that DACA’s termination may result in the possible deportation of these students could cost more than $200 billion to the economy an $60 billion to the US government.

Sources: HT, TOI

U.N. High Commissioner disparages U.S. President

U.S. President Donald Trump’s feedback of journalists adds up to an assault on the flexibility of the press and could incite brutality against columnists, the United Nations’ human rights boss said on Wednesday.

“It’s really quite amazing when you think that freedom of the press, not only sort of a cornerstone of the U.S. Constitution but very much something that the United States defended over the years is now itself under attack from the President,” the U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights said.

Both amidst his election battle and all through his presidency up until now, Donald Trump has over and over pummelled and offended US prevailing press outlets, calling them the “fake news.”

Also, in February, Trump named numerous prevailing press outlets “enemies of the American people.”

Zeid voiced worry that a journalist from the Guardian had been ambushed in the United States most as of late, however, gave away no more subtle elements.

Trump has likewise made agonizing comments over ladies, Mexicans and Muslims derided a man with inabilities openly and issued a mandate on a transgender boycott in the military.

At a current rally in Phoenix, Arizona he reprimanded the media for distorting his reaction to the fatal racial oppressor walk in Charlottesville, Virginia, calling them unpatriotic and “truly dishonest people.”

The President prides himself as a taboo breaker, undoubtedly his supporters consider him to be such. In any case, at the time Zeid communicated his inclination that this was horribly flippant, on the grounds that it has consequences, it encourages the individuals who may think comparable to hone their ambushes on these groups, expressed an exasperated Zeid.

 

Sources-

  1. NDTV- http://www.ndtv.com/world-news/donald-trump-may-be-inciting-violence-against-media-un-1744041
  2.  DW.COM- http://www.dw.com/en/donald-trumps-media-attacks-may-amount-to-incitement-says-un-human-rights-chief/a-40295344

Pakistan affirms suspending visits , talks with the US

Pakistan has suspended bilateral visits and talks with the US as a form of protest against Donald Trump’s speech.During his speech, Trump had reprimanded Islamabad while proposing another strategy on Afghanistan.
This was expressed by foreign minister Khawaja Mohammad Asif amid an in-camera session in the Senate on Monday.
As quoted by sources, Asif, as an immediate response had postponed his ministerial visit Washington. Likewise, he also added that the US Secretary of State for South and Central Asia Alice Well’s tour had also been put off.

During an exchange with” Nation”, Pakistani officials revealed that

the nation is not likely to take part in any open converses with Washington before head administrator Shahid Abbasi’s visit to the US for the United Nations General Assembly session. The session is scheduled for the next month.
Pakistan’s Senate has constituted a unique advisory group that will outline its response to what it believes is “bullying on part of the US”.
Besides, Pakistan is also sore at Trump for envisaging a major role for India towards ensuring peace in Afghanistan.
Asif told the senate that the country “envisaged no military role for India in Afghanistan.”He further added, “that India would not be allowed to use Afghan soil to destabilise Pakistan.”

The Indo-China stand-off, attains a standstill

China has flagged, it has put road development in the debated Himalayan outskirt zone- Bhutan, on hold as a major aspect of an arrangement to end a military stand-off with India.

Be that as it may, the Chinese foreign said on Tuesday that Chinese troops would keep on patroling the zone.

The move came a day after the two countries finished their stand-off on the Doklam plateau, which started in June when China began building a street in the questioned territory near Bhutan.

The inconvenience began in June when India sent troops to stop China constructing a street in the Doklam range, which is remote, uninhabited region guaranteed by both China and Bhutan.

India said it sent its troops since Chinese military action there was a danger to the security of its own upper east district.

“We will make an overall assessment of the weather conditions and all related factors, and according to the actual circumstances complete construction plans,” Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Hua Chunying, told a daily news briefing.

Neither one of the two countries has offered unequivocal points of interest of the terms of withdrawal from the zone which had raised feelings of dread of a more extensive clash between the Asian monsters who battled a short outskirt war in 1962.

Spectators likewise said the finish of the stand-off was clearly planned to ease strains in front of a prominent BRICS summit one week from now in China. The others BRICS countries are Brazil, Russia and South Africa.

News Source: Reuters, scmp

Picture Source: Reuters

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Hurricane Harvey: Trump’s first Tempest

First Category 4 hurricane to hit the US (United States), bringing one-meter of precipitation, on late Friday. Departure orders were further issued to enable Texans to look for protection from winds of up to 215 km/h. Trump signs disaster order as Tempest with winds of up to 215km every hour is dreaded to be exceedingly dangerous to hit US mainland in 12 years.

The epicentre of Hurricane Harvey hit land between the Port of Aransas and Port O’Connor, Texas late on Friday, as per the National Hurricane Center. It perforated extending hundreds of kilometres into the Gulf of Mexico.

It is regarded as the most powerful to hit the terrain since 2005. Prior to that Wilma struck Florida in 2005, and incurred billions of dollars in harm. Before Wilma, Hurricane Katrina walloped New Orleans around the same time, turning into a noteworthy disappointment of the administration of George W Bush.

Surprisingly so, US President Donald Trump signed a debacle declaration for Texas, authorizing government reserves for help hours before the storm. Prior in the day, Texas Governor Greg Abbott had asked Trump to preemptively announce Harvey a “major disaster” with a specific end goal to speed government help.

“We can obviously tell already at this stage this is going to be a very major disaster,” Abbot said, as more than 1,000 National Guardsmen were activated. It’s thus, a major test for trump, as it’s the first natural disaster in his presidency.

“I encourage everyone in the path of #HurricaneHarvey to heed the advice & orders of their local and state officials,” the Trump tweet appeared on Friday.

 

Sources – Reuters, Aljazeera