Is GST serving slow death to Marathi plays?

It has been a month after Goods and Services Tax (GST) was levied and is still showing an impact on various businesses, including Marathi drama and hotel industry. The drama industry is already struggling to keep Marathi drama and traditional folk dance prevalent, GST has hit them hard with a loss of 40 to 50 per cent. At the same time, the hotel owners have a complaint of 20% fall in business.

The new tax regime included a revised rate of movie tickets too. 18 per cent GST is applicable on movie tickets above Rs 250 and this has led to a drastic increase in the ticket rates which inherently pushes up the charges such as traveling costs of artists and catering expenses.

Following these reasons, the number of the audience coming to watch a Marathi play or traditional performances like Lavani has gone down, leading to declining in the number of events, reported Hindustan times.

Sadanand Mohol, president of Pune Exhibitors Association, that has 13 single screen theatres under its wings, told Indian Express, “Given that so far no entertainment tax was charged for regional films, so any amount of entertainment tax will deter moviegoers from coming to the theatre. The biggest impact of this will be on single-screen theatre owners who have been suffering losses from the past many years post the arrival of multiplexes.”

The people from the industry are trying to cut down on production prices and other things in order to keep the shows going and inviting citizens. Some producers have formed WhatsApp groups and shared link among citizens. They shared information regarding the show through the social platform announcing a discount on ticket window to attract citizens.

Sources: Hindustan timesIndian Express

Image source: Mumbai theatre guide

“The new electronic independence re-creates the world in the image of a global village”, Marshall McLuhan

“Global village”, with this term Herbert Marshall McLuhan became the first person to foresee the birth of the internet.

Born in Canada in 1911, Marshall McLuhan studied at the University of Manitoba and University of Cambridge. Before becoming famous for his predictions, Marshall McLuhan was a lecturer at the University of Toronto.

In his book called The Gutenberg Galaxy, released in the year 1962, McLuhan had outlined the concepts of four ages that divided the history. The acoustic age, the literary age, the print age and the electronic age. This book became widely popular due to this concept laid by McLuhan, as it marked the beginning of the electronic age. The term “global village” was used in this book.

McLuhan described “global village” as the world that has been “shrunk” by modern advances in communication. He used the example of the nervous system to explain how the vast network of communications is linking people to one another around the world.

His theories were often met with controversy in the academic circles. In 1989, when the internet was born after McLuhan’s death, he was looked upon with reintroduced interest. He had predicted the idea of internet 35 years before its birth.

He described “global village”, what we today call as he internet, as an age when everybody will be able to access same information through the evolution of technology. He then wrote a follow-up book called Understanding Media, in which he expanded the theory of “global village” to show that mode of communication will become the most influential part of the electronic age rather than the information itself. After which he became a TV figure, present regularly to explain his theory of why “the medium is the message.”

McLuhan had become the most renowned English teacher of the 20th century. His vision of the “computer as a research and communication instrument” made history.

Today, people have information from around the world at their fingertips. Use of laptops, desktops, tablets and smartphones has become so regular. This change was just considered as an impossible task to achieve during McLuhan’s days.

Marshall McLuhan’s predictions had caused a frenzy in the US and made media question whether or not he was right. He was the subject of an article written by Tom Wolfe titled “What if he was right?” published in the New York Magazine.

On his 106th birthday, Google has honoured him with a doodle on his famous concept of the ages of history.

“The new electronic independence re-creates the world in the image of a global village”- Marshall McLuhan

 

“Global village”, with this term Herbert Marshall McLuhan became the first person to foresee the birth of the internet. His ideas changed the communication world.
Born in Canada in 1911, Marshall McLuhan studied at the University of Manitoba and University of Cambridge. Before becoming famous for his predictions, McLuhan was a lecturer at the University of Toronto.

In his book called The Gutenberg Galaxy: The Making of Typographic Man,1962 McLuhan  outlines the concepts of four ages that divided the history- the acoustic age, the literary age, the print age and the electronic age. His work became widely popular due to these concepts laid by McLuhan, as it marked the beginning of the electronic age.

The term “global village” was popularized in this book.McLuhan described “global village” as that the world that has “shrunk” by modern advances in communication. He used the example of the nervous system to explain how the vast network of communications is linking people around the world.

His theories were often met with controversies in the academic circles. In 1989, when the internet was born after McLuhan’s death, he was looked upon with reintroduced interest. He had predicted the idea of internet 35 years before its birth!

He described “global village”, what we today call as he internet, as an age when everybody will be able to access same information through the evolution of technology. He then wrote a follow-up book called Understanding Media: The Extensions of Man, 1964, in which he expanded the theory of “global village” to show that mode of communication shall become the most influential part of the electronic age rather than the information itself.

After this,  he became a TV figure, and would make regular appearances  to explain his theory of why “the medium is the message.”

McLuhan had become the most renowned English teacher of the 20th century. His vision of the “computer as a research and communication instrument” made history.

Today, people have information from around the world at their fingertips. Use of laptops, desktops, tablets and smartphones have become everyday realities.  This regularity was just considered an impossibility during McLuhan’s days.

His predictions had caused a frenzy in the US and had made the media question whether or not he was right. He was the subject of an article written by Tom Wolfe titled “What If He’s Right?” published in the New York Magazine.

On his 106th birthday, Google has honoured him with a doodle on his famous concept of the ages of history.

Ganga, Yamuna not living entities: SC

On March 20, the High Court of Uttarakhand had declared River Ganga and its tributary Yamuna, a living entity. However, the Supreme Court on Friday stayed the High Court’s order.

A report from Times of India said, this judgement from the High Court came a few days after the Whanganui River, a river in New Zealand, declared it as a living entity. New Zealand became the first country to do so.

According to the new categorisation, the river shall not be polluted or harmed anymore. Otherwise, the doer will be penalised. The order also declared the chief secretary and advocate general as the “legal parents” of the Ganga River, reported NDTV.

The state government had challenged this decision of the High Court. Questions were raised like when the people are affected by rivers flooding, can they sue Uttarakhand’s chief secretary and whether the state will bear the ultimate financial burden.

The rivers are considered holy by followers of Hinduism. The High Court had asked the Center to form a Ganga Administration Board. The duty of this board would be the maintenance of lake. The bench had said, “The Ganga should be saved for generations to come.”

However, the National Green Tribunal (NGT) in February had criticised the Center for “wasting public money” in the name of Namami Gange project. It said, “Not a single drop of River Ganga has been cleaned so far.”

The Centre’s National Mission for clean Ganga cleared as many as 20 projects. Out of which 13 are in Uttarakhand, The project worth Rs 1,900 crore will be implemented at the earliest in Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, and Delhi, reported Scroll.

 

Image Source: NDTV

25 years after Godhra riots: Politics of hate still prevails

February 27th marked 15 years since the infamous Godhra incident. The draconian face of humanity engulfed Gujarat across its length and breadth. State machinery remained paralysed for numerous days and the nation watched the murders and rapes in pin drop silence. The riot which brutally killed thousands of people (mostly Muslims), displaced them permanently and destroyed their livelihood was a much celebrated event in the state of Gujarat by the then Chief Minister and his party.

Like all the other cases, this case of 2002 is still in court. However, a few people like Maya Kodnani and Babu Bajrangi have been convicted and sentenced by the special court for their roles in the Naroda Patiya riots. The irony of the situation is that, Maya is roaming freely and Bajrangi has been released on bail multiple times.

15 years down the line, the state of Gujarat has changed for the on-lookers but not for the minorities of Muslims. Harsh Mander, an activist, opines in an interview with Hindustan times, “15 years after the Gujarat riots, there is the new normalcy of Gujarat, in which Muslims have learnt to live separately, much like Dalits have been forced to exist for centuries… I feel an intense unrest and foreboding thinking about how fundamentally the idea of India and its practice is changing so rapidly today and how the politics of hate has so profoundly polarised and divided us.”

Today, Muslims in Gujarat have stopped revealing even their names to anyone in order to protect themselves from another communal feud. They have stopped showcasing any external symbolic representation of their religion. The displaced Muslims have not been able to return to their homes after the 2002 massacre. Many villages have banned Muslims and have proudly proclaimed to be a “Muslim free village.” While those villages who did allow their residency, have a set of stringent rules to be followed.

The “Gujarat model” which received laurels from the Country for its business-friendly administration over investment in social sectors, did not represent the entire state of Gujarat. The less recognised part of this model was systematic reduction of the minority religion to second-class citizens. These second-class citizens comprise of not only Muslims but also Christians, Dalit and tribal communities of Gujarat.

Even after receiving flak, the communal violence in the country has only been increasing with campaigns such as ‘ghar wapsi’, ‘love jihad’ and ‘beef lynching’. India’s constitution calls it as a ‘Secular state’ however, in the wake of these incidents, the idea of being secular as a Nation-state is in question.

Source: Hindustan times and Catch news 

Oscars 2017: Of victory, loss and blunder

The 89th academy awards ended with an unforgettable blunder when presenter Faye Dunaway and Warren Beatty mistakenly announced the winner for the best picture to “La La Land” instead of “Moonlight.”

Apart from that moment, the night of February 26, 2017 was star studded with many firsts. Along with Emma Stone and Viola Davis, director of “La La Land” Damien Chazelle scored his first Oscar making him youngest winner of the Oscar for best direction. “La La Land” won six awards altogether.

Justin Timberlake, Oscar-nominated singer, Kick started the show by performing “Can’t stop the feeling” which he wrote for “Trolls” an animated film.  Timberlake passed the baton to host Jimmy Kimmel, whose opening monologue had audience in tears of laughter but also had subtle hints at the current situation of America.

“The country is divided right now,” he said. “If every one of you took a minute to reach out to one person you disagree with and have a positive conversation … as Americans … we could make America great again.”

The Oscars, like every year had a bunch of extremely talented people who were nominated in various categories but a selected few won the Academy award of merit.

The following were the winners at the Oscars:

  1. Best Picture

WINNER: Moonlight

 

  1. Best Actor

WINNER: Casey Affleck, Manchester by the Sea

 

  1. Best Actress

WINNER: Emma Stone, La La Land

 

  1. Best Director

WINNER: Damien Chazelle, La La Land

 

  1. Best Supporting Actress

WINNER: Viola Davis, Fences

 

  1. Best Supporting Actor

WINNER: Mahershala Ali, Moonlight

 

  1. Best Original Song

WINNER: “City of Stars,” La La Land

 

  1. Best Documentary Feature

WINNER: O.J.: Made in America

 

  1. Best Animated Feature Film

WINNER: Zootopia

 

  1. Best Animated Short

WINNER: Piper

 

  1. Best Adapted Screenplay

WINNER: Moonlight

 

  1. Best Original Screenplay

WINNER: Manchester by the Sea

 

  1. Best Original Score

WINNER: La La Land

 

  1. Best Foreign Language Film

THE WINNER: The Salesman

 

  1. Achievement in Film Editing

WINNER: Hacksaw Ridge

 

  1. Achievement in Production Design

WINNER: La La Land

 

  1. Achievement in Visual Effects

WINNER: The Jungle Book

 

  1. Achievement in Cinematography

WINNER: La La Land

 

  1. Best Documentary Short

WINNER: The White Helmets

 

  1. Costume Design

WINNER: Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them

 

  1. Achievement in Sound Editing

WINNER: Arrival

 

  1. Achievement in Sound Mixing

WINNER: Hacksaw Ridge

 

  1. Achievement in Makeup and Hair Styling

WINNER: Suicide Squad

 

  1. Best Live Action Short Film

WINNER: Sing

News Source: ABC News, MTV

Image Source: Weekend Collective

 

Suicide bombers target court, at least four killed

PESHAWAR, PAKISTAN: Yet another series of blasts has occurred in Pakistan with suicide bombers targeting the court complex in Charsadda town. Pakistani newspaper Dawn  reported that at least three blasts were heard near the court.
The Pakistani police said that as a minimum four people are killed in this act of terror.

Jamaat-ur-Ahrar, a spokesman for the Pakistani Taliban claimed responsibility for the attack. There were three bombers who attacked the court in Tangi as informed by the District mayor, Bahadur Yar. Police are hunting for a suicide bomber who is believed to be on the loose inside the court complex, while the one was killed by the security forces and other detonated his vest outside the main gate.

“I am on the spot, the dead body of one bomber is laying outside the main gate of the court complex, the dead body of the second bomber is inside the complex,” Yar said. “The third attacker managed to enter inside. Police are after him,” he added.

Mohammad Ijaz Khan, Charsadda Senior Police Official confirmed that three bombers had tried entering the court complex and out of which one was killed, by the security forces and other detonated his vest.

The district administration said a minimum of four people were killed however, a witness told Reuters that he had seen “many” dead bodies at the place of attack.
Pakistan has been hit by s string of bombings over that last week which has led to the death of more than 100 people.

 

Image Source: Geo Tv

Sources: NDTV , Reuters